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His parents separated in and eventually divorced. The recent biographer Olivier Todd, who published a book on Malraux in , suggests that he had Tourette syndrome , although that has not been confirmed. The young Malraux left formal education early, but he followed his curiosity through the booksellers and museums in Paris, and explored its rich libraries as well.
His daughter from this marriage, Florence b. An exception was Malraux who regarded Lawrence as a role model, the intellectual-cum-man-of-action and the romantic, enigmatic hero. Upon reaching Cambodia, Malraux, Clara and friend Louis Chevasson undertook an expedition into unexplored areas of the former imperial settlements in search of hidden temples, hoping to find artifacts and items that could be sold to art collectors and museums. At about the same time archaeologists, with the approval of the French government, were removing large numbers of items from Angkor - many of which are now housed in the Guimet Museum in Paris.
On his return, Malraux was arrested and charged by French colonial authorities for removing a bas-relief from the exquisite Banteay Srei temple. Malraux, who believed he had acted within the law as it then stood, contested the charges but was unsuccessful. The work was in the form of an exchange of letters between a Westerner and an Asian, comparing aspects of the two cultures. This was followed by his first novel The Conquerors , and then by The Royal Way which reflected some of his Cambodian experiences.
As Malraux wrote, "there is something far greater than history and it is the persistence of genius". Malraux and Josette had two sons: Pierre-Gauthier — and Vincent — During , while Malraux was fighting in Alsace , Josette died, aged 34, when she slipped while boarding a train. His two sons died together in in an automobile accident. The French government sent aircraft to Republican forces in Spain, but they were obsolete by the standards of They were mainly Potez bombers and Dewoitine D.
The slow Potez rarely survived three months of air missions, flying at knots against enemy fighters flying at more than knots. Few of the fighters proved to be airworthy, and they were delivered intentionally without guns or gunsights. The Ministry of Defense of France had feared that modern types of planes would easily be captured by the German Condor Legion fighting with General Francisco Franco , and the lesser models were a way of maintaining official "neutrality".
The Republic circulated photos of Malraux standing next to some Potez bombers suggesting that France was on their side, at a time when France and the United Kingdom had declared official neutrality. As a result, his literary works, including his important works on the theory of art, have received less attention than one might expect, especially in Anglophone countries.
He was captured in during the Battle of France but escaped and later joined the French Resistance. Otto Abetz was the German Ambassador, and produced a series of "black lists" of authors forbidden to be read, circulated or sold in Nazi occupied France.
These included anything written by a Jew, a communist, an Anglo-Saxon or anyone else who was anti-Germanic or anti-fascist. After Dordogne was liberated, Malraux led a battalion of former resistance fighters to Alsace-Lorraine , where they fought alongside the First Army. The manuscript was destroyed by the Gestapo after his capture in A surviving first section, titled The Walnut Trees of Altenburg, was published after the war.
After the war[ edit ] U. President John F. First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy , and U. Vice President Lyndon B. Soon after, he completed his first book on art, The Psychology of Art, published in three volumes — The work was subsequently revised and republished in one volume as The Voices of Silence Les Voix du Silence , the first part of which has been published separately as The Museum without Walls.
Other important works on the theory of art were to follow. These included the three-volume Metamorphosis of the Gods and Precarious Man and Literature, the latter published posthumously in In , Malraux married a second time, to Marie-Madeleine Lioux , a concert pianist and the widow of his half-brother, Roland Malraux. They separated in Vilmorin was best known as a writer of delicate but mordant tales, often set in aristocratic or artistic milieu.
Her most famous novel was Madame de Her letters to Jean Cocteau were published after the death of both correspondents. In , Malraux published the first volume of his trilogy on art entitled The Metamorphosis of the Gods. The second two volumes not yet translated into English were published shortly before he died in Malraux also initiated the series Arts of Mankind , an ambitious survey of world art that generated more than thirty large, illustrated volumes.
When Indira Gandhi came to Paris in November , there was extensive discussion between them about the situation in Bangladesh. A later volume in the series, Lazarus, is a reflection on death occasioned by his experiences during a serious illness. He was a heavy smoker and had cancer . Legacy and honours[ edit ].
Andre Malraux - Conditia umana
Conditia umana, de Andre Malraux