ACORUS CALAMUS CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS PDF

Reference However, still the safety profile of the Calamus is very contradictory. Based on this information, it is likely unsafe for human consumption. So, some of them may be safer. The Acorus Calamus root powder in natural form is likely to be safer than its oil and extract. Side Effects of Vacha Acorus Calamus The most common side effect of Vacha sweet flag is headache, which generally occurs in people with increased Pitta Dosha in their body. Headache common in people with Pitta Constitution or having Pitta disease Nausea Vomiting occurs only with higher dosage i.

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Corresponding author. The clustering patterns of the genotypes in the UPGMA tree showed that the genotypes are diverse, and did not show any specific correlation with their geographical provenances, reflecting the low level of genetic diversity and a high genetic differentiation among the genotypes from the same localities. All the 27 genotypes of A. The genotype Ac13 from Kullu Himachal Pradesh showed maximum 9. Further, this study will help in evaluation and documentation of a large number of diverse genotypes for their value traits.

It is generally distributed in temperate countries like North America, Canada and Europe. In India, the plants of A. There are a number of significant characters that distinguish Acorus from the Araceae: unifacial leaves, two separate vascular systems in the peduncle, absence of raphides, presence of perisperm and endosperm in the seeds never a perisperm in Araceae , trichomes on the micropyle of the ovules, and presence of special ethereal oil cells and other anatomical characters; laticifers are also lacking but quite a number of Araceae are also without them.

DNA studies show that Acorus is a sister taxon to all other monocots, which means that it is not closely related to the Araceae at all Chang The different parts of A. The rhizome contains active ingredients and possesses insecticidal, antifungal, antibacterial and allopathic properties Ravindran and Balachandran In the Ayurvedic system of medicine, the rhizomes are considered to posses antispasmodic, antidepressant, anxiolytic properties Mcgaw et al. It is also used to treat insomnia, melancholia, neurosis, epilepsy, hysteria, loss of memory, toothache and respiratory ailments Mcgaw et al.

The basic chromosome number of A. The A. The plants found in North America are generally diploid, whereas those found in Europe and temperate Asia are primarily triploid, and plants that occurs in eastern and tropical Asia are tetraploids Raina et al. The essential oil of A. However, tetraploids and hexaploids are also reported from India Janki Amal et al.

Conventionally, identification of medicinal plants was based on morphological, anatomical and chemical analysis but these could be influenced by environmental factors. Therefore in the present study, two DNA fingerprinting methods viz. Although there are stray information available on the use of molecular markers like RAPD Ahlawat et al. In the present study 27 genotypes of A. Isolated DNA was checked for its quality and quantity by agarose gel 0. Table 1 Passport data and asarone contents of A.

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Cited By This article is cited by 39 publications. Journal of Natural Products , 74 6 , DOI: Journal of Natural Products , 73 6 , Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry , 52 4 , Arun K.

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Vacha (Sweet Flag) – Acorus Calamus

The leaves are erect yellowish green with pink sheathing at the base. They are flat and narrow with the shape of a sword and have smooth edges. The leaves give a fragrant odour when crushed. The flower stems are triangular and come from the axils of the outer leaves. It has a solid, cylindrical spadix that tapers and is cm in length. The flower contains six petals. The stamens are enclosed in the perianth that has six divisions.

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CURRENT STATUS ON BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES OF ACORUS CALAMUS - A REVIEW Review Article

Corresponding author. The clustering patterns of the genotypes in the UPGMA tree showed that the genotypes are diverse, and did not show any specific correlation with their geographical provenances, reflecting the low level of genetic diversity and a high genetic differentiation among the genotypes from the same localities. All the 27 genotypes of A. The genotype Ac13 from Kullu Himachal Pradesh showed maximum 9. Further, this study will help in evaluation and documentation of a large number of diverse genotypes for their value traits. It is generally distributed in temperate countries like North America, Canada and Europe. In India, the plants of A.

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