The discussion shows the response of the central government to these demands, and aims to provide a better understanding of what drove the Akalis and the government towards another conflict. It first shows the Akalis charging the government of being anti-Sikh and constantly adding to their list of demands, to which the central government responded by applying delaying tactics. Indira Gandhi continued to play political games with the Akalis. Here, it reveals that the Anandpur Sahib Resolution of was actually the most comprehensive charter of demands that was made by the Akalis, on behalf of the Sikhs. Furthermore, it shows that there are no less than three versions of the resolution, which are interpreted in different ways by the Akali leaders. The demands listed in this resolution are examined in detail in this chapter.
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It is situated near the Sutlej river, the longest of the five rivers that flow through the historic crossroads region of Punjab. He previously lived in Kiratpur, but given the disputes with Ram Rai — the elder son Guru Har Rai and other sects of Sikhism , he moved to village in Makhoval. He named it Chakk Nanaki after his mother. In , Guru Tegh Bahadur was tortured and beheaded for refusing to convert to Islam under the orders of the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb , a martyrdom that led Sikhs to rename the town to Anandpur and crown his son Gobind Das as per his orders also known as Gobind Rai  as his successor and famous as Guru Gobind Singh.
Fenech and W. This triggered Aurangzeb and his vassal Hindu kings around Anandpur to blockade Anandpur. His death led to the Mughal army fleeing the battlefield. Aurangzeb then sent a larger army with two generals, Wazir Khan and Zaberdast Khan in May , to destroy the Sikh resistance.
Sometimes the hill chiefs and Guru Gobind Singh cooperated in a battle, sometimes they fought against each other, where the difficult mountainous terrain made it difficult for the Mughal to subdue everyone with force and the terrain made it easier for Pahari chieftains to rebel against the Mughals routinely.
Punjab Heritage Tourism Promotion Board paid to have it installed in order to attract worldwide tourism. These historical locations now feature the following Gurdwaras: Gurudwara Takht Sri Kesgarh Sahib : is the principal Sikh temple in the town. It marks the birthplace of Khalsa and one of the five religious authorities Five Takhts of Sikhism.
Standing on a hillock, the present complex was built between and The dome of the Gurdwara is fluted lotus. He entrusted an Udasi Sikh named Gurbakhsh to protect this shrine when he left Anandpur in The Gurdwara was enlarged and renovated in the s. Around the sanctum is a 4. The basement level has a room with a 1.
It now houses the Guru Granth Sahib. They came to seek protection from Aurangzeb and requested Guru Teg Bahadur to save them from forcible conversions to Islam. It was built by a pujari named Man Singh in This Gurdwara remembers the residential quarters of Guru Tegh Bahadur. He used to welcome and counsel Sikh sangats who would visit him. Guru Gobind Singh was designated as the tenth guru at this place.
The octagonal domed building here was built in 20th century. Here, Guru Gobind Singh used to train his sons. This place was used as playground; wrestling and other competitions were held here. In early days of eighteenth century this place was a big garden during skirmishes between Sikh Army and Bilaspur Army, many Sikh soldiers laid their lives here in this garden, hence this place is termed as Gurdwara Shaeedhi Bagh.
She was cremated near Quilla Holgarh Sahib. This place is now termed Gurdwara Mata Jit Kaur. The foundation stone was laid here. The buildings to commemorate each of these were built between late s and the late s:  Qila Anandgarh Sahib: This was the main fort, after which the city was also named Anandpur Sahib.
The Army once resided here. Two trickling springs, claimed to be dug out from the stony mountain-side by the 10th Guru, still exist today. His unbiased service has been compared to the functions of the Red Cross. Religion in Anandpur Sahib  Religion.
Anandpur Sahib Resolution
It is interesting to note that it was drafted in and it was only after the Govt failed to accept these basic demands many of which most States already enjoyed from that the Sikhs were forced into the Dharam Yudh Morcha Agitation and protest. Sant Jarnail Singh Khalsa Bhindranwale was accused of terrorism and various other crimes by the Government and the national media. On the 20th of September , Sant Ji offered himself for arrest. Sant Ji was released after the Central Home Minister, declared in Parliament on 14 October that there was no evidence against him. These were peaceful protests to support the implementation of The Anandpur Sahib Resolution.
The Anandpur Sahib Resolution and Other Akali Demands
In the Punjab Assembly elections which took place in March their tally was a mere 24 seats out of a total of , and the Punjab Government passed into the hands of the Congress Party, with Giani Zail Singh later, President of India as chief minister. This electoral debacle led to self introspection on the part of the Shiromani Akali Dal which appointed on 11 December a subcommittee to reflect upon the situation and to proclaim afresh the programme and policies of the Dal. The first meeting of the sub committee took place at Amritsar. The venue then shifted to Chandigarh where the committee completed its task in ten successive meetings. Counsel was available to the subcommittee of the celebrated Sikh intellectual and thinker, Sirdar Kapur Singh, whose impress the draft emerging finally from its deliberations carried. The document was adopted unanimously by the working committee of the Shiromani Akali Dal at a meeting held at Anandpur Sahib, town sacred to Guru Gobind Singh, also reverenced by Sikhs as the birthplace of the Khalsa.
In the Punjab Assembly, following the March Punjab election , their tally was reduced to 24 seats out of , and the Punjab Government passed into the hands of the Congress Party, with Giani Zail Singh as chief minister. Following this defeat, the Akali Dal appointed a sub-committee on 11 December , to reflect upon the situation and to reiterate and clarify the party platform. The venue then shifted to Chandigarh where the committee completed its task in ten successive meetings. The document was adopted unanimously by the working committee of the Shiromani Akali Dal at a meeting held at Anandpur Sahib on October , and came to be known as the Anandpur Sahib Resolution. It asked for recognising Sikhism as a religion separate from Hinduism.