EO 12656 PDF

National Security Emergency Preparedness Policy. A national security emergency is any occurrence, including natural disaster, military attack, technological emergency, or other emergency, that seriously degrades or seriously threatens the national security of the United States. Policy for national security emergency preparedness shall be established by the President. All national security emergency preparedness activities shall be consistent with the Constitution and laws of the United States and with preservation of the constitutional government of the United States. These assignments are based, whenever possible, on extensions of the regular missions of the departments and agencies.

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National Security Emergency Preparedness Policy. A national security emergency is any occurrence, including natural disaster, military attack, technological emergency, or other emergency, that seriously degrades or seriously threatens the national security of the United States. Policy for national security emergency preparedness shall be established by the President.

All national security emergency preparedness activities shall be consistent with the Constitution and laws of the United States and with preservation of the constitutional government of the United States. These assignments are based, whenever possible, on extensions of the regular missions of the departments and agencies.

Plans so developed may be executed only in the event that authority for such execution is authorized by law.

As used in this Order, preparedness functions and activities include, as appropriate, policies, plans, procedures, and readiness measures that enhance the ability of the United States Government to mobilize for, respond to, and recover from a national security emergency. Management of National Security Emergency Preparedness.

Pursuant to such procedures for the organization and management of the National Security Council process as the President may establish, the Director of the Federal Emergency Management Agency also shall assist in the implementation of and management of the National Security Council process as the President may establish, the Director of the Federal Emergency Management Agency also shall assist in the implementation of national security emergency preparedness policy by coordinating with the other Federal departments and agencies and with State and local governments, and by providing periodic reports to the National Security Council on implementation of national security emergency preparedness policy.

Interagency Coordination. Each department and agency shall support interagency coordination to improve preparedness and response to a national security emergency and shall develop and maintain decentralized capabilities wherever feasible and appropriate. Part General Provisions Sec. The head of each Federal department and agency, as appropriate, shall: 1 Be prepared to respond adequately to all national security emergencies, including those that are international in scope, and those that may occur within any region of the Nation; 2 Consider national security emergency preparedness factors in the conduct of his or her regular functions, particularly those functions essential in time of emergency.

Emergency plans and programs, and an appropriate state of readiness, including organizational infrastructure, shall be developed as an integral part of the continuing activities of each Federal department and agency; 3 Appoint a senior policy official as Emergency Coordinator, responsible for developing and maintaining a multi-year, national security emergency preparedness plan for the department or agency to include objectives, programs, and budgetary requirements; 4 Design preparedness measures to permit a rapid and effective transition from routine to emergency operations, and to make effective use of the period following initial indication of a probable national security emergency.

Continuity of Government. The head of each Federal department and agency shall ensure the continuity of essential functions in any national security emergency by providing for: succession to office and emergency delegation of authority in accordance with applicable law; safekeeping of essential resources, facilities, and records; and establishment of emergency operating capabilities. Resource Management. Protection of Essential Resources and Facilities. The head of each Federal department and agency, within assigned areas of responsibility, shall: 1 Identify facilities and resources, both government and private, essential to the national defense and national welfare, and assess their vulnerabilities and develop strategies, plans, and programs to provide for the security of such facilities and resources, and to avoid or minimize disruptions of essential services during any national security emergency; 2 Participate in interagency activities to assess the relative importance of various facilities and resources to essential military and civilian needs and to integrate preparedness and response strategies and procedures; 3 Maintain a capability to assess promptly the effect of attack and other disruptions during national security emergencies.

Federal Benefit, Insurance, and Loan Programs. The head of each Federal department and agency that administers a loan, insurance, or benefit program that relies upon the Federal Government payment system shall coordinate with the Secretary of the Treasury in developing plans for the continuation or restoration, to the extent feasible, of such programs in national security emergencies. The Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy and the heads of Federal departments and agencies having significant research and development programs shall advise the National Security Council of scientific and technological developments that should be considered in national security emergency preparedness planning.

The head of each Federal department and agency is hereby authorized, to the extent otherwise permitted by law, to redelegate the functions assigned by this Order, and to authorize successive redelegations to organizations, officers, or employees within that department or agency.

Transfer of Functions. Recommendations for interagency transfer of any emergency preparedness function assigned under this Order or for assignment of any new emergency preparedness function shall be coordinated with all affected Federal departments and agencies before submission to the National Security Council.

Retention of Existing Authority. Nothing in this Order shall be deemed to derogate from assignments of functions to any Federal department or agency or officer thereof made by law. Part Department of Agriculture Sec. Lead Responsibilities. Support Responsibility. The Secretary of Agriculture shall assist the Secretary of Defense in formulating and carrying out plans for stockpiling strategic and critical agricultural materials.

Part Department of Commerce Sec. Support Responsibilities. The Secretary of Commerce shall: 1 Assist the Secretary of Defense in formulating and carrying out plans for stockpiling strategic and critical materials; 2 Support the Secretary of Agriculture in planning for the national security management, production, and processing of forest and fishery products; 3 Assist, in consultation with the Secretaries of State and Defense, the Secretary of the Treasury in the formulation and execution of economic measures affecting other nations.

Part Department of Defense Sec. The Secretary of Defense shall: 1 Advise and assist the heads of other Federal departments and agencies in the development of plans and programs to support national mobilization. Part Department of Education Sec. In addition to the applicable responsibilities covered in Parts 1 and 2, the Secretary of Education shall: 1 Assist school systems in developing their plans to provide for the earliest possible resumption of activities following national security emergencies; 2 Develop plans to provide assistance, including efforts to meet shortages of critical educational personnel, to local educational agencies; 3 Develop plans, in coordination with the Director of the Federal Emergency Management Agency, for dissemination of emergency preparedness instructional material through educational institutions and the media during national security emergencies.

Support responsibilities. The Secretary of Education shall: 1 Develop plans to support the Secretary of Labor in providing education and training to overcome shortages of critical skills; 2 Support the Secretary of Health and Human Services in the development of human services educational and training materials, including self-help program materials for use by human service organizations and professional schools.

Part Department of Energy Sec. The Secretary of Energy shall: 1 Provide advice and assistance, in coordination with appropriate agencies, to Federal, State, and local officials and private sector organizations to assess the radiological impact associated with national security emergencies; 2 Coordinate with the Secretaries of Defense and the Interior regarding the operation of hydroelectric projects to assure maximum energy output; 3 Support the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development and the heads of other agencies, as appropriate, in the development of plans to restore community facilities; 4 Coordinate with the Secretary of Agriculture regarding the emergency preparedness of the rural electric supply systems throughout the Nation and the assignment of emergency preparedness responsibilities to the Rural Electrification Administration.

The Secretary of Health and Human Services shall support the Secretary of Agriculture in the development of plans related to national security emergency agricultural health services. In addition to the applicable responsibilities covered in Parts 1 and 2, the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development shall: 1 Develop plans for provision and management of housing in national security emergencies, including: a Providing temporary housing using Federal financing and other arrangements; b Providing for radiation protection by encouraging voluntary construction of shelters and voluntary use of cost-efficient design and construction techniques to maximize population protection; 2 Develop plans, in cooperation with the heads of other Federal departments and agencies and State and local governments, to restore community facilities, including electrical power, potable water, and sewage disposal facilities, damaged in national security emergencies.

Part Department of the Interior Sec. In addition to the applicable responsibilities covered in Parts 1 and 2, the Secretary of the Interior shall: 1 Develop programs and encourage the exploration, development, and mining of strategic and critical and other nonfuel minerals for national security emergency purposes; 2 Provide guidance to mining industries in the development of plans and programs to ensure continuity of production during national security emergencies; 3 Develop and implement plans for the management, control, allocation, and use of public land under the jurisdiction of the Department of the Interior in national security emergencies and coordinate land emergency planning at the Federal, State, and local levels.

The Secretary of the Interior shall: 1 Assist the Secretary of Defense in formulating and carrying out plans for stockpiling strategic and critical minerals; 2 Cooperate with the Secretary of Commerce in the identification and evaluation of facilities essential for national security emergencies; 3 Support the Secretary of Agriculture in planning for the national security management, production, and processing of forest products.

Part Department of Justice Sec. The Attorney General of the United States shall: 1 Assist the heads of Federal departments and agencies, State and local governments, and the private sector in the development of plans to physically protect essential resources and facilities; 2 Support the Secretaries of State and the Treasury in plans for the protection of international organizations and foreign diplomatic, consular, and other official personnel, property, and other assets within the jurisdiction of the United States; 3 Support the Secretary of the Treasury in developing plans to control the movement of property entering and leaving the United States; 4 Support the heads of other Federal departments and agencies and State and local governments in developing programs and plans for identifying fatalities and reuniting families in national security emergencies; 5 Support the intelligence community in the planning of its counterintelligence and counterterrorism programs.

Part Department of Labor Sec. In addition to the applicable responsibilities covered in Parts 1 and 2, the Secretary of Labor shall: 1 Develop plans and issue guidance to ensure effective use of civilian workforce resources during national security emergencies. Such plans shall include, but not necessarily be limited to: a Priorities and allocations, recruitment, referral, training, employment stabilization including appeals procedures, use assessment, and determination of critical skill categories; and b Programs for increasing the availability of critical workforce skills and occupations; 2 In consultation with the Secretary of the Treasury, develop plans and procedures for wage, salary, and benefit costs stabilization during national security emergencies; 3 Develop plans and procedures for protecting and providing incentives for the civilian labor force during national security emergencies; 4 In consultation with other appropriate government agencies and private entities, develop plans and procedures for effective labor-management relations during national security emergencies.

The Secretary of Labor shall: 1 Support planning by the Secretary of Defense and the private sector for the provision of human resources to critical defense industries during national security emergencies; 2 Support planning by the Secretary of Defense and the Director of Selective Service for the institution of conscription in national security emergencies.

Part Department of State Sec. The Secretary of State shall: 1 Assist appropriate agencies in developing planning assumptions concerning accessibility of foreign sources of supply; 2 Support the Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation, as appropriate, with the Secretaries of Commerce and Defense, in the formulation and execution of economic measures with respect to other nations; 3 Support the Secretary of Energy in international liaison activities pertaining to nuclear materials facilities; 4 Support the Director of the Federal Emergency Management Agency in the coordination and integration of United States policy regarding the formulation and implementation of civil emergency resources and preparedness planning; 5 Assist the Attorney General of the United States in the formulation of national security emergency plans for the control of persons entering or leaving the United States.

Part Department of Transportation Sec. In addition to the applicable responsibilities covered in Parts 1 and 2, the Secretary of Transportation shall: 1 Develop plans to promulgate and manage overall national policies, programs, procedures, and systems to meet essential civil and military transportation needs in national security emergencies; 2 Be prepared to provide direction to all modes of civil transportation in national security emergencies, including air, surface, water, pipelines, and public storage and warehousing, to the extent such responsibility is vested in the Secretary of Transportation.

This direction may include: a Implementation of priorities for all transportation resource requirements for service, equipment, facilities, and systems; b Allocation of transportation resource capacity; and c Emergency management and control of civil transportation resources and systems, including privately owned automobiles, urban mass transit, intermodal transportation systems, the National Railroad Passenger Corporation and the St.

Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation; 3 Develop plans to provide for the smooth transition of the Coast Guard as a service to the Department of the Navy during national security emergencies.

The Secretary of Transportation shall coordinate with the Secretary of Energy in the planning and management of transportation resources involved in the bulk movement of energy materials.

Part Department of the Treasury Sec. In addition to the applicable responsibilities covered in Parts 1 and 2, the Secretary of the Treasury shall: 1 Develop plans to maintain stable economic conditions and a market economy during national security emergencies; emphasize measures to minimize inflation and disruptions; and, minimize reliance on direct controls of the monetary, credit, and financial systems.

The Secretary of the Treasury shall: 1 Cooperate with the Attorney General of the United States on law enforcement activities, including the control of people entering and leaving the United States; 2 Support the Secretary of Labor in developing plans and procedures for wage, salary, and benefit costs stabilization; 3 Support the Secretary of State in plans for the protection of international organizations and foreign diplomatic, consular, and other official personnel and property or other assets in the United States.

Part Environmental Protection Agency Sec. In addition to the applicable responsibilities covered in Parts 1 and 2, the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency shall: 1 Develop Federal plans and foster development of State and local plans designed to prevent or minimize the ecological impact of hazardous agents biological, chemical, or radiological introduced into the environment in national security emergencies; 2 Develop, for national security emergencies, guidance on acceptable emergency levels of nuclear radiation, assist in determining acceptable emergency levels of biological agents, and help to provide detection and identification of chemical agents; 3 Develop, in coordination with the Secretary of Defense, plans to assure the provision of potable water supplies to meet community needs under national security emergency conditions, including claimancy for materials and equipment for public water systems.

The Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency shall: 1 Assist the heads of other Federal agencies that are responsible for developing plans for the detection, reporting, assessment, protection against, and reduction of effects of hazardous agents introduced into the environment; 2 Advise the heads of Federal departments and agencies regarding procedures for assuring compliance with environmental restrictions and for expeditious review of requests for essential waivers.

Part General Services Administration Sec. The Administrator of General Services shall develop plans to assist Federal departments and agencies in operation and maintenance of essential automated information processing facilities during national security emergencies. Lead Responsibility. In addition to the applicable responsibilities covered in Parts 1 and 2, the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration shall coordinate with the Secretary of Defense to prepare for the use, maintenance, and development of technologically advanced aerospace and aeronautical-related systems, equipment, and methodologies applicable to national security emergencies.

In addition to the applicable responsibilities covered in Parts 1 and 2, the Archivist of the United States shall: 1 Develop procedures for publication during national security emergencies of the Federal Register for as broad public dissemination as is practicable of presidential proclamations and Executive orders, Federal administrative regulations, Federal emergency notices and actions, and Acts of Congress; 2 Develop emergency procedures for providing instructions and advice on the handling and preservation of records critical to the operation of the Federal Government in national security emergencies.

Part Nuclear Regulatory Commission Sec. In addition to the applicable responsibilities covered in Parts 1 and 2, the Members of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission shall: 1 Promote the development and maintenance of national security emergency preparedness programs through security and safeguards programs by licensed facilities and activities; 2 Develop plans to suspend any licenses granted by the Commission; to order the operations of any facility licensed under Section or ; Atomic Energy Act of , as amended 42 U.

The Members of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission shall: 1 Assist the Secretary of Energy in assessing damage to Commission-licensed facilities, identifying usable facilities, and estimating the time and actions necessary to restart inoperative facilities; 2 Provide advice and technical assistance to Federal, State, and local officials and private sector organizations regarding radiation hazards and protective actions in national security emergencies.

Part Office of Personnel Management Sec. In addition to the applicable responsibilities covered in Parts 1 and 2, the Director of the Office of Personnel Management shall: 1 Prepare plans to administer the Federal civilian personnel system in national security emergencies, including plans and procedures for the rapid mobilization and reduction of an emergency Federal workforce; 2 Develop national security emergency work force policies for Federal civilian personnel; 3 Develop plans to accommodate the surge of Federal personnel security background and pre-employment investigations during national security emergencies.

The Director of the Office of Personnel Management shall: 1 Assist the heads of other Federal departments and agencies with personnel management and staffing in national security emergencies, including facilitating transfers between agencies of employees with critical skills; 2 In consultation with the Secretary of Defense and the Director of Selective Service, develop plans and procedures for a system to control any conscription of Federal civilian employees during national security emergencies.

Part Selective Service System Sec. In addition to the applicable responsibilities covered in Parts 1 and 2, the Director of Selective Service shall: 1 Develop plans to provide by induction, as authorized by law, personnel that would be required by the armed forces during national security emergencies; 2 Develop plans for implementing an alternative service program. Part Tennessee Valley Authority Sec. In addition to the applicable responsibilities covered in Parts 1 and 2, the Board of Directors of the Tennessee Valley Authority shall develop plans and maintain river control operations for the prevention or control of floods affecting the Tennessee River System during national security emergencies.

The Board of Directors of the Tennessee Valley Authority shall: 1 Assist the Secretary of Energy in the development of plans for the integration of the Tennessee Valley Authority power system into nationwide national security emergency programs; 2 Assist the Secretaries of Defense, Interior, and Transportation and the Chairman of the Interstate Commerce Commission in the development of plans for operation and maintenance of inland waterway transportation in the Tennessee River System during national security emergencies.

The Director of the United States Information Agency shall assist the heads of other Federal departments and agencies in planning for the use of media resources and foreign public information programs during national security emergencies. In addition to the applicable responsibilities covered in Parts 1 and 2, the Postmaster General shall prepare plans and programs to provide essential postal services during national security emergencies.

The Postmaster General shall: 1 Develop plans to assist the Attorney General of the United States in the registration of nationals of enemy countries residing in the United States; 2 Develop plans to assist the Secretary of Health and Human Services in registering displaced persons and families; 3 Develop plans to assist the heads of other Federal departments and agencies in locating and leasing privately owned property for Federal use during national security emergencies.

Part Office of Management and Budget Sec. In addition to the applicable responsibilities covered in Parts 1 and 2, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget shall prepare plans and programs to maintain its functions during national security emergencies. Part General Sec. Executive Order Nos. This Order shall be effective immediately. This page was last reviewed on August 15,

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Amendment to Executive Order 12656

Most [of these laws] remain a a potential source of virtually unlimited power for a President should he choose to activate them. It is possible that some future President could exercise this vast authority in an attempt to place the United States under authoritarian rule. While the danger of a dictatorship arising through legal means may seem remote to us today, recent history records Hitler seizing control through the use of the emergency powers provisions contained in the laws of the Weimar Republic. This order delegates authorities and addresses national defense industrial resource policies and programs under the Defense Production Act of , as amended "the Act" , except for the amendments to Title III of the Act in the Energy Security Act of and telecommunication authorities under Executive Order No. The United States must have an industrial and technology base capable of meeting national defense requirements, and capable of contributing to the technological superiority of its defense equipment in peacetime and in times of national emergency.

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EO 12656 Assignment of Emergency Preparedness Responsibilities

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