If a clot becomes lodged in an artery or vein, it can block blood flow to essential organs like your heart or brain. A blockage in blood flow can lead to a heart attack or stroke. How is this diagnosed? Your doctor will start by asking about your medical history and symptoms. EPO is a hormone your kidneys release.
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If a clot becomes lodged in an artery or vein, it can block blood flow to essential organs like your heart or brain. A blockage in blood flow can lead to a heart attack or stroke. How is this diagnosed?
Your doctor will start by asking about your medical history and symptoms. EPO is a hormone your kidneys release. It increases production of RBCs when your body is low in oxygen. People with primary erythrocytosis will have a low EPO level. Those with secondary erythrocytosis may have a high EPO level. You may also have blood tests to check levels of: Hematocrit. This is the percentage of RBCs in your blood. This is the protein in RBCs that carries oxygen throughout your body.
A test called pulse oximetry measures the amount of oxygen in your blood. This test can show whether a lack of oxygen caused your erythrocytosis. You may also need to have a bone marrow aspiration or biopsy.
This test removes a sample of the tissue, liquid, or both from inside your bones. You can also get tested for the gene mutations that cause erythrocytosis. Treatment aims to reduce your risk of blood clots and relieve symptoms. It often involves lowering your RBC count. Treatments for erythrocytosis include: Phlebotomy also called venesection. This procedure removes a small amount of blood from your body to lower the number of RBCs.
You may need to have this treatment twice a week or more often until your condition is under control. Taking low doses of this everyday pain reliever may help prevent blood clots.
Medications that lower RBC production. These include hydroxyurea Hydrea , busulfan Myleran , and interferon. Without treatment, erythrocytosis can increase your risk for blood clots, heart attack, and stroke. It can also increase your risk for leukemia and other types of blood cancers. Getting treatment that lowers the number of RBCs your body produces can reduce your symptoms and prevent complications.
Tratamiento contra la eritrocitosis, en base a oxigenoterapia y a fisioterapia respiratoria