Science of the Experience of Consciousness 1 Preface Preface 1. In the preface to a philosophical work, it is customary for the author to give an explanation — namely, an explanation of his purpose in writing the book, his motivations behind it, and the relations it bears to other previous or contemporary treatments of the same topics — but for a philosophical work, this seems not only superfluous but in light of the nature of the subject matter, even inappropriate and counterproductive. For whatever it might be suitable to say about philosophy in a preface — for instance, to give some historical instruction about the biases and the standpoint of the text, or some talk about the general content and the results together with a set of scattered assertions and assurances about the truth — none of these can count as the way to present philosophical truth. In contrast, if a person were to have only a general notion 2 of, for example, anatomy, or, to put it roughly, if he were to have an acquaintance with the parts of the body taken in terms of their lifeless existence, nobody would thereby think that he has come into full possession of the salient subject matter of that science, which is to say, its content. One would think that in addition he would have to go to the trouble to pay attention to the particularities of the 1 die Sache selbst.
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He asked him whether he had thought of Hegel. Hegel is portrayed as a man of great passion, dynamism and intelligence. Highly recommended to anyone with an interest in Hegel, German idealism or philosophy in general. I had read The Phenomenology more than once, and dutifully slogged through the more readable lectures on aesthetics and the history of philosophy. I knew that he was and knew my not getting it pointed to a hole in my understanding, not at the quality of his contribution.
In his preface to The Tempest Dr. Johnson comments on Shakespeare, " Because Hegel was from a small town he had to go to a crappy little seminary not a big prestigious university. There he was formed intellectually by the luck of making two dear friends there Holderlin and Schelling who were themselves to emerge as significant intellectuals. As he was becoming an adult, patriotism, as it happened, French patriotism, was emerging as a force in the world for the very first time.
Hegel set himself the task of trying to understand what was happening as the notion of the fatherland transformed itself into the idea of the nation state.
Hegel was constantly writing his friends begging for help finding a job teaching philosophy at a University, but he could never find such a job. So he had to be a tutor, edit a learned journal and then a newspaper, and then more or less a high school principal with teaching duties. Finally, at age forty six, he got appointed to a university professorship at Heidelberg. He had a deep sense, perhaps mistaken, but quite sincere of what a Professor might and ought to be in the New World Order of his time.
This allowed him to invent himself as a self-conscious role model, and many younger ambitious intellectuals learned from him how to take a stance under the new conditions of state patronage. You follow both the controversies within Kantian thought, and the polemic against it.
The Phenomenology is famously obscure, and there are lot of good commentaries on it.
Hegel: A Biography
Logic[ edit ] Kant bases his account of reason on a table of judgments inspired by Aristotelian syllogistic or term logic. It is from this table that Kant derives in turn his table of categories, the twelve pure concepts of the understanding that structure all experience irrespective of its content. Things-in-themselves[ edit ] For both Hegel and Kant, "we arrive at the concept of the thing in itself by removing, or abstracting from, everything in our experiences of objects of which we can become conscious. What all these thinkers share, which distinguishes them from materialists like Epicurus and Thomas Hobbes and from empiricists like David Hume , is that they regard freedom or self-determination both as real and as having important ontological implications for soul or mind or divinity. All three find common ground on the unique position of humans in the scheme of things, known by the discussed categorical differences from animals and inanimate objects.
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
This monumental work has pages of text, followed by pages of notes, sources, and index. The editorial staff ought to have eliminated these. Moreover, the proofreading of the book is quite the worst I have ever come across and is a disgrace to an academic publisher. Pinkard himself is openly scornful of much that has been written about the philosopher previously. Nevertheless, even Pinkard shows how often Hegel explained the development of a new idea arising out of the clash between contradictions.
Phenomenology of Spirit (Entire Text of T. Pinkard Translation)
On the day before the battle, Napoleon entered the city of Jena. Later that same day Hegel wrote a letter to his friend the theologian Friedrich Immanuel Niethammer : I saw the Emperor — this world-soul — riding out of the city on reconnaissance. It is indeed a wonderful sensation to see such an individual, who, concentrated here at a single point, astride a horse, reaches out over the world and masters it The Encyclopedia of the Philosophical Sciences , in its third section Philosophy of Spirit , contains a second subsection The Encyclopedia Phenomenology that recounts in briefer and somewhat altered form the major themes of the original Phenomenology.