Kami It is a slow starter and needs a bit of patience. This is a very bulky but very engaging and interesting novel in two parts narrating the story of an idealistic young man Jaidev Puri and his sister Tara and beloved Kanak and others related to them. Manju Sharma rated it it was amazing Jul 01, An interesting line in Volume II is his note that all the characters in the novel are fictitious, including the Prime Minister. Open Preview See a Problem?
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The first volume focuses on communally-torn Lahore in the year immediately before Partition and a little after. The short sentences, their matter of fact tone, an almost dry reportage style, which, while providing vivid detail, does not dwell on descriptions, inner turmoil or emotional upsurge, yet manage to convey a milieu, a period, an urban landscape with a rapidity and a power on a scale unmatched elsewhere in the writings of the times.
In order to give shape to this historical reality and make it credible, the names of some historical persons have cropped up, but they are not historical persons, just characters in a novel. Its force as a whole stems, in fact, from its close connection to history. Here I shall focus on the first volume, working out the close connection of history to fictional narrative, of the chronicle to the tale. As we shall see, there will be two key moments when the events around partition directly shape important turning points in the lives of the two key protagonists.
The map of Lahore shows four very distinct types of spatial pattern in the built up area of the city, which it is tempting to associate with different kinds of values, social relations and behaviour. But by and large, the Lahoris of the old city, more mired in the old than the new, remained socially separated from those in the new neighbourhoods.
These in turn may have been more progressive and modern than those in the old city, but for them too older social codes still lingered and carried weight.
The very architecture of Model Town houses reflected the contradictions inherent in their pattern of existence: Each house was divided into two parts by a huge vestibule in the middle. On one side were dining and drawing-room and an office room: on the other side the bedrooms, with dressing rooms and bathrooms. The front verandah overlooked a lawn surrounded by flower-beds and cypresses.
Here male visitors were received. Even more significant than the geographical and social divide was the religious divide. The divisive politics of the British Raj had made for the allocation of government positions according to the religion of the applicant.
The world we see in our novel, of college, newspaper, law court, and publishing was thus an increasingly communalised world. The resentments fostered and the envy engendered by the special privileged position of high caste Hindus, whose dominance came to extend from higher government service to professions outside, medicine, law and engineering, further emphasised social and religious difference.
Credit: Wikimedia Commons In lateth century colonial Punjab, the Hindus of the province had found themselves wedged between two converting religions, Islam and Sikhism.
Though a majority in India, Hindus remained a minority in Punjab. For them, the advent of Dayanand Sarwaswati, with his dynamic message of education, not birth, as determining social status, served as a catalyst for modernisation, change, identity formation as much as self-assertion. Intensely nationalist, it provided education in Hindi, Sanskrit and English to its students: English for adjustment, Hindi for communication, Sanskrit and Arya Samaj literature for moral upliftment and science for material progress.
It was the Arya Samaj that supported and propagated Hindi as the national language; that is how it came to the Punjab. But even then, it tended to remain gender-specific. The area has a large population of Hindus.
The mother of Ram Jwaya, the elder more domineering brother, and Master Ram Lubhaya, the school-teacher, has died and the syapa, funerary mourning, is underway in the lane. An older, religiously more tolerant Punjab is also dying.
Puri and Tara are the two major protagonists of the novel. Kanak, the third and lesser character, is positioned at almost the other end of the social scale from the Puris. She lives with her parents and a younger sister in a modern house in Gawalmandi, a rich, recently built neighbourhood. Her father Girdharilal is a wealthy Urdu publisher. The first chapters of the novel fill out the social and political context in detail and provide a series of flashbacks to fill in the early s.
Puri had gone to the Dyal Singh college with its progressive Brahmo ethos. The professors there disliked communalism and socially regressive ideas and in her first year of B.
In , when he was in his second year of M. He was never to complete his degree. This is the first and only incidence of a major character being propelled by nationalism. It is worth noting that it does not recur in this novel of partition and nation building.
In fact, the closer we get to independence, the more it recedes, the more anomalous it seems. But back to the narrative — after some professional meandering following his early release, not because the country had gained independence but because the Allies had won the war, Puri who had built a reputation as a writer, managed to get work as a reporter for the pro-Congress Urdu daily Pairokar.
Academically brilliant Tara continued to go to Dyal Singh college without her brother. With their entry into campus, the siblings had long crossed the narrow confines of the gali, crossed the borders of the customary and entered the world of the educated. Their intellectual capital would in fact enable both of them to enter new social worlds. We now find ourselves in March Tara soon begins to tutor in the haveli of Dr. Pran Nath, who at a relatively young age has established a towering reputation as an economist.
Educated in Oxford, he had accepted a professorship in Punjab University. He is single and has taken a liking to Tara, a matter which makes for some tension within his larger family and eventually makes for the loss of her job.
Girdharilal Datta is an old Congress worker who had once gone to prison for his work. This is how nationalism is referred to in this narrative, as a notion and a propelling power that lies in the past, as no longer an active force in the lives of the prime protagonists. As tutor, Puri on his own insistence, works in an honorary capacity, and it is as such that he and Kanak are mutually attracted, physically as much as intellectually.
She has been engaged against her will to Somnath, a boy from a rich Khatri family whom the brother-sister pair find entirely unsuitable for her. He had made headlines in the local newspapers for having been caught cheating. The matter has been given a communal twist — for Somnath had assaulted his Muslim teacher when caught. Given that he is such a poor student, his parents are naturally against Tara studying any further and stealing any kind of a march on their son.
The gali ethos, with its caste consciousness and its set views on how marriages are arranged, does not tolerate new-fangled love, and certainly not between people of different faiths. No conversation of any kind. Nowadays, people meet each other several times before they get engaged, they continue to talk to each other.
This can happen in houses in Anarkali, Gawalmandi and Mall road. But he is also drawn to the power exuded by her publisher-father and their affluence. Studying for his M. This love leaps across social and religious borders of all kinds; it is a novelty in the locality in which Tara finds herself, where there is no question of founding marriage on a romantic attachment.
History forms not only the nations-to-be it also shapes personal trajectories in times such as these. As Lahore is propelled into communal riots, the private becomes inextricably entwined with the public and the chronicle character of the narrative merges effortlessly with the fictional world of our protagonists.
The Muslim League stakes its claim to form the government. Will the Congress support the League? The shops around Shah Alami have shut down; there is curfew in the city.
A subeditor asks Puri to write the editorial for his paper in his stead. You left behind the many children to whom, all your life, you brought laughter.
They weep bitterly now. Which tyrant snatched away the toy of so many innocent children? Did Daulu uncle have an enemy? Did he have any business with the unionist ministry or with the officeholders of the League?
He was a human being, a gentle human being. His murder is murder of humanity… Whose way to office and state rule was he blocking? There are a few chances. Dreadful riots break out, first in Rawalpindi and then in Lahore. It is as if the countdown to violence, to Partition has already begun. This is the first time history interferes at a key moment in the life of one of the siblings and in a way that ends up affecting both.
Puri no longer has any say in the matter; he is jobless and frustrated, driven to doing hackwork. Social space cannot be so easily transgressed. Bhola Pandhe ki gali cannot aspire to Gawalmandi. Tara too faces losses on all sides. Asad backs out of accepting her when she tells him that she has forsaken home and family and come to him.
At this historical juncture in the life of the subcontinent, the Party does not allow marriages across religious borders, Asad tells her. Emotionally, their ways part entirely henceforth. From the last half of May, killings and incidents of fire increase in the city. Lahore is in flames. The city of old, where Hindu, Muslim and Sikh lived side by side, is also being destroyed in the process. There will be no way to retrieve the loss of that space. How will Tara and Puri be impacted?
Large flames leap out from the area around Shah Alami and lick the skies. We are nearing independence and partition. Kanak has all the self-confidence of property, relative wealth and education; she can defy her family. It is Tara who has virtually no space for action. Her ordeal begins in earnest after that.
The cheerful marriage atmosphere engenders hope and a resigned Tara awaits Somraj decked in all her finery. But he taunts her for hiding her face; he has heard that she did not want to marry him. How much shame did she show when she bared her face in demonstrations in Mall Road and Anarkali? With whom did she have a love relationship?
JHUTHA SACH YASHPAL PDF
The first volume focuses on communally-torn Lahore in the year immediately before Partition and a little after. The short sentences, their matter of fact tone, an almost dry reportage style, which, while providing vivid detail, does not dwell on descriptions, inner turmoil or emotional upsurge, yet manage to convey a milieu, a period, an urban landscape with a rapidity and a power on a scale unmatched elsewhere in the writings of the times. In order to give shape to this historical reality and make it credible, the names of some historical persons have cropped up, but they are not historical persons, just characters in a novel. Its force as a whole stems, in fact, from its close connection to history. Here I shall focus on the first volume, working out the close connection of history to fictional narrative, of the chronicle to the tale. As we shall see, there will be two key moments when the events around partition directly shape important turning points in the lives of the two key protagonists. The map of Lahore shows four very distinct types of spatial pattern in the built up area of the city, which it is tempting to associate with different kinds of values, social relations and behaviour.
Arashigor Books are not only written to educate, they are written for leisure and even for the metamorphosis of jhuhta soul. I am sick of talking to my brown sahib colleagues among them quite a few nativ Jhoota Sach has been described here as the War and Peace of Indian literature. The novel deals sqch pre-independe Desh Ka Bhavishya future of the nation. The other protagonist of the novel is his sister Tara who is a woman of principles. Enter your email address. Why does Jhoota Sach matter?